Clinical research is medical research in which people volunteer to participate in carefully conducted investigations that uncover better ways to treat disease and pain. After researchers test new therapies or procedures for safety, the most promising experimental treatments are moved into clinical trials to confirm its effectiveness, monitor side effects, compare it with standard or equivalent treatments, and collect information that will allow the experimental drug or treatment to be used safely. Typically, clinical trials compare a new product or therapy with another that already exists to determine if the new one is as successful as, or better than, the existing one.
Only through clinical research can we gain insights and answers about the safety and effectiveness of drugs and therapies. Groundbreaking scientific advances in the present and the past were possible only because of participation of volunteers, both healthy and those diagnosed with an illness, in clinical research. Clinical research requires complex and rigorous testing in collaboration with communities that are affected by the disease. As clinical research opens new doors to finding ways to diagnose, prevent, treat, or cure pain, disease and disability, clinical trial participation of volunteers is essential to help us find the answers.
Each study has different criteria that determines who can participate. You may not participate if you do not meet all the requirements. These requirements include but are not limited to age, medical history, and current health.
Most clinical trials may cause minor side effects that usually last for a short period of time. However, in rare cases there are some patients that have complications that require medical attention. The specific risks associated with the trial are described in detail found in the informed consent, which calls for participants to sign before participating in a clinical trial. Also, a member of the research team will explain major risks and respond to any question you have about the risks involved. Before deciding to participate in any clinical trial you should always consider the potential risks and benefits.
Yes, you may stop participating in the study at any moment. This is called "Withdrawing your consent." If you wish to stop participating you can notify the coordinator or principal investigator to withdraw your consent.
Before participating in the clinical trial all of the requirements and procedures will be explained to you. Specific instructions will be given by the coordinator. For the best results, it is important to listen and follow the instructions carefully.